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Global Scientists focus on bats to prevent the next epidemic

Summary

Due to the global epidemic Corona virus, scientists have focused on bats to prevent the next global epidemic, and Brazilian scientists are also in the race for the same research. Night fell in Pedra Branca State Park in Rio de […]

Global Scientists focus on bats to prevent the next epidemic
Bats are able to live with these viruses, rather than preying on them immediately; file photo: AP

Due to the global epidemic Corona virus, scientists have focused on bats to prevent the next global epidemic, and Brazilian scientists are also in the race for the same research.

Night fell in Pedra Branca State Park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s second largest city, when four Brazilian scientists lit their torches to find their way through the muddy forest for hours during heavy rains.

The researchers were on a mission to catch bats and help prevent the next global epidemic.

American news agency, AP’s report , according to a few meters ahead, dark, bats started screaming in a loud voice after falling on the fine nets of nylon.

One of the four researchers pulled out the bat, which had its pointed teeth attached to its fingers but was wearing gloves.

* Photo: AP
* Photo: AP

The nighttime activity in November was part of a project by Brazil’s state Foucault Institute to collect wild animals, including bats, and research the viruses in them.

Many scientists believe that the spread of the coronavirus is linked to bats.

The aim of this research is to identify other viruses that can be extremely deadly and deadly to humans, and to use this information to develop a plan to prevent people from becoming infected, ie a possible global disease. The spread has to stop before it starts.

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The spread of the disease in one place in the world endangers the entire planet just as the corona virus did.

The Brazilian team is one of several teams in the world in the race to reduce the risk of a second global epidemic in the same century.

Some people may think that it is too early to consider stopping the spread of the next global epidemic, even at a time when the world is facing a global epidemic, but scientists say there is a strong possibility that an intervention Without it, another novel virus would transmit from animal to human (host) and find a chance to spread like wildfire.

* Photo: AP
* Photo: AP

It is no coincidence that many scientists are focusing on the world’s only flying mammal, the bat.

Bats are thought to be the original or underworld hosts of a number of viruses (ie, the virus is transmitted from one thing to another and then spread to humans through bats) Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated by the H5N1 virus and the Henderson virus.

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A study conducted in 2019 found that viruses occur in 5 common mammals, including primates, rats, carnivores, cattle and bats, and that the virus is transmitted rapidly to humans. Are

Bats are thought to be a diverse group, with more than 1,400 species on each continent except Antarctica, but one thing they often have in common is that they are capable of transmitting deadly viruses to humans and livestock. Symptoms are almost non-existent.

This means that bats have the ability to live with the virus, rather than being preyed upon immediately.

* Photo: AP
* Photo: AP

“Bats have an unusual immune system and this has to do with their ability to fly,” said Raina Plorite, an epidemiologist who researched bats at Montana State University.

On the other hand, other scientists who have studied fluorite and bats believe that the evolutionary process helps bats to reduce the pressure from flying and gives them extra protection from pathogens.

Orange Banerjee, an expert studying viral diseases at McMaster University in Canada, said bats appear to have taken advantage of the ability to fly against some of the most deadly viruses known to science. Resist

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Many countries have virus surveillance programs, but lack funding due to a lack of political awareness and urgency.

* Photo: AP
* Photo: AP

One of them is the most purposeful Global Virum Project, which aims to discover 500,000 viruses over a period of 10 years.

However, politicians say that treating bats like enemies, trying to eliminate them, throwing stones at them or trying to burn them will not help.

This year, villagers in the Indian state of Rajasthan identified bat colonies in uninhabited forts and palaces and killed hundreds of bats.

They also closed the cracks where the bats lived.

In the Indian state of Karnataka, on the other hand, villagers cut down old trees where bats try to nest.

Scientists say such measures could cause further damage.

According to Vikram Mishra, a virus specialist at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada, the more pressure you put on bats, the more viruses they will spread.

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